Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10983/2090
Title: Prevalencia de estrés postraumático y trastorno antisocial de la personalidad en la población desmovilizada de las guerrillas colombianas en Bogotá, D.C.
Authors: Baldovino Pérez, Marta Cecilia
Director(s): Castrillón Moreno, Diego Alonso, dir.
Keywords: ESTRÉS POSTRAUMÁTICO
PERSONALIDAD ANTISOCIAL
DESMOVILIZACIÓN
GUERRILLA
TERRORISMO
ESTRÉS (PSICOLOGÍA)
TRASTORNOS DE LA PERSONALIDAD
PSICOLOGÍA COGNOSCITIVA
CONFLICTO ARMADO-ASPECTOS PSICOLÓGICOS
Issue Date: Apr-2014
Abstract: Colombia atraviesa por un conflicto irregular hace más de 55 años, protagonizado por las guerrillas de las FARC y ELN. La presión del Gobierno, enfrentamientos con las Fuerzas Militares y duras condiciones del conflicto han llevado a la desmovilización de 23.664 guerrilleros al 2014. Efectos negativos de la guerra en salud mental como el trastorno de estrés postraumático podrían afectar la calidad de vida de los desmovilizados y se cree que el trastorno de personalidad antisocial, tiene relación con la conducta terrorista de grupos armados ilegales. Objetivo. Evaluar la prevalencia de TEPT y TAP en desmovilizados de las guerrillas colombianas. Participantes. 192 desmovilizados (115 hombres y 77 mujeres), entre 18 a 57 años de edad, y de uno a 28 años de militancia en la guerrilla. Método. Estudio descriptivo correlacional transversal. Instrumentos. Test TEPT para adultos y la MINI Entrevista Neuropsiquiátrica Internacional para TEPoT y TAP. Resultados. Del el 37.4% al 68.8% presentaron criterios para TEPT y el 12.1% está en riesgo; no se encontró prevalencia significativa de TAP (3.1%), y quienes presentaron TEPT no necesariamente presentan criterios para el TAP. No hubo correlación entre TEPT y años de militancia en la guerrilla, en cambio quienes ingresaron a la guerrilla motivados por falsas promesas de sueldo y ayuda, presentaron más síntomas de TEPT que aquellos que tuvieron otras motivaciones de ingreso. Se recomienda realizar más investigaciones desde la psicológica cognitivo-conductual para encontrar respuesta a los interrogantes planteados a partir de los resultados del presente estudio, relacionados con factores de vulnerabilidad psico-cognitiva y problemática sociopolítica.
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URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10983/2090
Appears in Collections:ADB. Maestría en Psicología



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