Title: Artificial intelligence and human rights: are they convergent or parallel to each other?
Other Titles: Inteligencia artificial y derechos humanos: ¿son convergentes o paralelos entre sí?
Authors: Chakraborty, Swatilekha
Bhojwani, Rishabh
Keywords: ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
HUMAN RIGHTS
SERVICE SECTOR
LABOR INDUSTRY
EQUITY
INTELIGENCIA ARTIFICIAL
DERECHOS HUMANOS
SECTOR SERVICIOS
INDUSTRIA LABORAL
EQUIDAD
Issue Date: Aug-2018
Publisher: Universidad Católica de Colombia. Facultad de Derecho
Citation: Chakraborty, S. & Bhojwani R. (2018). Artificial intelligence and human rights: are they convergent or parallel to each other?. Novum Jus: Revista Especializada en Sociología Jurídica y Política, 12(2), 13-38. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.14718/NovumJus.2018.12.2.2
Abstract: La Inteligencia Artificial (IA) ha sido central en el diálogo sobre un marco legal que aborde la creación de un equilibrio entre la IA y los derechos humanos por parte de los gobiernos del mundo. En 1997, Gary Kasparov, Gran Maestro y campeón mundial de ajedrez, fue derrotado por Deep Blue, una computadora rectangular negra desarrollada por IBM Inc. Una nueva era ha comenzado ante los ojos del mundo cuando una máquina derrotó a una de las personas más brillantes e inteligentes del planeta en uno de los juegos más intelectualmente desafiantes, jamás creados por el hombre. Después de una amplia discusión de los pros y contras de la inteligencia artificial con respecto a los derechos humanos, la creación y uso cada vez mayor de la AI ha generado momentum para la necesaria regulación de la industria de la inteligencia artificial. Una cobertura más amplia y una equidad sustancial mediante la provisión de recursos legales contra diferentes tipos de violaciones de derechos humanos en el sector servicios y la industria laboral han demostrado ser una necesidad importante. El uso de la IA tiene sus proponentes y oponentes; sin embargo, algunas formas de IA son importantes y deseables para una evolución humana tecnológicamente moderna. No obstante, la inquietante pregunta que surge hoy es si, al transferir la experiencia del pasado al futuro, el desempleo masivo, la pobreza masiva y las distorsiones sociales seguirán siendo un posible escenario para el nuevo mundo, un mundo donde los robots, los sistemas inteligentes y los algoritmos desempeñarán un papel cada vez más central. Este artículo aborda un análisis crítico de los efectos de la IA sobre los derechos humanos, examinando estructuras económicas, relaciones y perfiles de trabajo y modelos ya establecidos de horarios de trabajo y remuneración, que sufrirán cambios importantes debido al mayor uso de la IA. Al desmitificar precedentes recientes en el ámbito internacional, los autores intentan arrojar luz sobre el impacto fundamental de los nuevos desarrollos técnicos sobre el mercado laboral global en los próximos años, no solo en trabajos industriales, sino en tareas humanas en el sector servicios que son consideradas “intocables”. Por lo tanto, considerando las dos caras de la moneda, el artículo discute de manera concisa la polaridad entre la ausencia de un reconocimiento legal de la IA y su impacto
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URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10983/16334
ISSN: 1692-6013
Is part of: Novum Jus: Revista Especializada en Sociología Jurídica y Política; Vol. 12, no. 2 (jul.- dic. 2018); p. 13-38
Appears in Collections:CAG. Novum Jus

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