Title: Efecto de un programa de Hatha Yoga en pacientes con enfermedad de Alzheimer (EA)
Other Titles: Hatha Yoga effects on Alzheimer patients (AP)
Efeito de um Programa de Hatha Yoga em Pacientes com Alzheimer
Authors: Rodríguez Salazar, María Clara
Meneses Báez, Alba Lucía
Quintero Gallego, Eliana Alexey
Rodríguez Granada, Lina María
Keywords: HATHA YOGA
ENFERMEDAD DE ALZHEIMER
COGNICIÓN
CALIDAD DE VIDA
DEPRESIÓN
FUNCIONALIDAD
HATHA YOGA
ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE
ATTENTION
QUALITY OF LIFE
DEPRESSION
FUNCTIONALITY
DOENÇA DE ALZHEIMER
COGNIÇÃO
HATHA YOGA
QUALIDADE DE VIDA
DEPRESSÃO
FUNCIONALIDADE
Issue Date: Jan-2017
Publisher: Universidad Católica de Colombia. Facultad de Psicología
Citation: Rodríguez Salazar, M., Meneses Báez, A., Quintero Gallego, E., & Rodríguez Granada., L. (2017). Efecto de un programa de Hatha Yoga en pacientes con enfermedad de Alzheimer (EA)/ Hatha Yoga effects on Alzheimer patients (AP)/ Efeito de um Programa de Hatha Yoga em Pacientes com Alzheimer. Acta Colombiana de Psicología, 20(1). Recuperado de http://editorial.ucatolica.edu.co/ojsucatolica/revistas_ucatolica/index.php/acta-colombiana-psicologia/article/view/1298
Abstract: En este estudio se evaluó el efecto de un programa de hatha yoga en 20 hombres y 41 mujeres con promedio de edad de 76.9 años (DE = 11.7), con diagnóstico de Enfermedad de Alzheimer (EA) que presentaban deterioro cognitivo global leve (36 %) y moderado (64 %). El diseño fue cuasi experimental de medidas repetidas (pre, post y seguimiento). Se utilizó la escala de Calidad de Vida para pacientes con Enfermedad de Alzheimer (ADRQL), el cuestionario de Calidad de Vida (CV), la escala de depresión geriátrica de Yesavage, el Minimental State Examination (MMSE), dos subpruebas de la escala de inteligencia para adultos del WAIS-III (retención de dígitos y claves), la prueba de trazado Trail Making Test (TMT-A), la prueba de Lawton y Brody, y la escala de Barthel (actividades básicas y funcionales). El programa contó con 32 sesiones de hatha yoga de una hora, realizadas dos veces por semana. El análisis de datos se hizo con 35 pacientes que permanecieron hasta la fase de seguimiento. Como resultados se obtuvo que entre pre-tratamiento y pos-tratamiento las variables mostraron una tasa incremental de mejoramiento en calidad de vida y atención; pero dichas mejorías no se mantuvieron seis meses más tarde; el ANOVA de medidas repetidas no mostró cambios significativos en ninguna variable; y el análisis cualitativo de ocho grupos focales con pacientes y cuidadores dio cuenta de la percepción cambios positivos en los pacientes con respecto a su estado de ánimo, atención, memoria episódica y procedimental. Se necesitan más estudios con mayor número de pacientes y sesiones de yoga por semana, además de un grupo control, para mejorar la validez de los resultados.
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URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10983/15505
ISSN: 0123-9155
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Acta Colombiana de Psicología, Vol. 20, no. 1 (ene.-jun. 2017); p. 123-138
Appears in Collections:Acta Colombiana de Psicología

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