Title: The emergence of cognitive short-term planning: performance of preschoolers in a problem-solving task
Other Titles: La emergencia de la planificación cognitiva a corto plazo: desempeño de niños preescolares en una tarea de resolución de problemas
A emergência do planejamento cognitivo a curto prazo: desempenho de crianças pré-escolares em uma tarefa de resolução de problemas
Authors: Guevara Guerrero, Marlenny
Puche-Navarro, Rebeca
Keywords: COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT
COMPUTER GAME
COGNITIVE PLANNING
PRESCHOOLERS
STATE SPACE GRID TECHNIQUE
VARIABILITY
DESARROLLO COGNITIVO
JUEGO DE COMPUTADOR
PLANIFICACIÓN COGNITIVA
PREESCOLARES
TÉCNICA STATE SPACE GRID
VARIABILIDAD
DESENVOLVIMENTO COGNITIVO
VIDEOGAME
PLANEJAMENTO COGNITIVO
PRÉ-ESCOLARES
TÉCNICA STATE SPACE GRID
VARIABILIDADE
Issue Date: Dec-2015
Publisher: Universidad Católica de Colombia. Facultad de Psicología
Citation: Guevara Guerrero, M., & Puche-Navarro, R. (2015). The emergence of cognitive short-term planning: performance of preschoolers in a problem-solving tasK. Acta Colombiana de Psicología, 18(2), 13-27. Recuperado de http://editorial.ucatolica.edu.co/ojsucatolica/revistas_ucatolica/index.php/acta-colombiana-psicologia/article/view/111
Abstract: El objetivo del presente estudio es identificar los patrones del proceso de planificación cognitiva de niños pequeños que tienen lugar en el contexto de una situación de resolución de problemas. Utilizando un enfoque de sistemas dinámicos complejos, el presente estudio describe las principales características de la planificación cognitiva a corto plazo. Los participantes fueron 45 niños en edad preescolar (3,5 y 3,6 años), de los cuales se describen en detalle dos estudios de caso. El método microgenético fue utilizado para capturar, en dos meses, el proceso de planificación en tiempo real durante seis sesiones de recogida de datos. De esta manera se obtuvieron 96 puntos de medición por cada niño de la muestra. Como instrumento se utilizó una tarea de resolución de problemas en un formato virtual, que exige la elaboración de un plan para alcanzar la meta. La primera parte del análisis consistió en caracterizar los desempeños de planificación de la muestra mediante el análisis de conglomerados. Como resultado, dos clústers fueron identificados. Posteriormente, para ilustrar los desempeños de la muestra, se seleccionó al azar un niño de cada clúster como estudio de caso. La segunda parte del análisis consistió en describir los dos estudios de caso. Se utilizó la técnica State Space Grids (SSG) para mostrar el surgimiento a corto plazo de la planificación cognitiva. Los resultados de los estudios de caso revelaron dos tipos de desempeño: un patrón de reducción y un patrón estable de planificación cognitiva. Estos patrones en los desempeños indican la capacidad de los niños para integrar las restricciones de la tarea y considerar estados futuros en sus acciones. En contraste con la literatura, los resultados de este estudio revelan los recursos de habilidades de planificación en niños preescolares, tales como su auto-regulación de acciones dirigidas a una meta y la anticipación de futuros estados.
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URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10983/16187
ISSN: 0123-9155
Is part of: Acta Colombiana de Psicología, Vol. 18, no. 2 (jul.-dic. 2015); p. 13-27
Appears in Collections:CAA. Acta Colombiana de Psicología

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