Title: Contraste conductual en operantes relacionales con participantes humanos
Behavioral contrast in relational operants with human participants
Contraste comportamental em operantes relacionais com participantes humanos
Authors: Pérez Manrique, Tiberio
Díaz Barbosa, Javier Hernán
Pulido Vega, Juan Camilo
Keywords: CONTRASTE CONDUCTUAL
OPERANTE RELACIONAL
ENSAYO DISCRETO
ELECCIÓN
CONDUCTA OPERANTE
CONDUCTA (PSICOLOGIA)-INVESTIGACIONES
PRUEBAS PSICOLÓGICAS
Issue Date: Dec-2009
Publisher: Universidad Católica de Colombia. Facultad de Psicología
Citation: Pérez Manrique, T., Diaz Barbosa, J., & Pulido Vega, J. (2009). Contraste conductual en operantes relacionales con participantes humanos. Acta Colombiana de Psicología, 12(2), 115-126. Recuperado de http://editorial.ucatolica.edu.co/ojsucatolica/revistas_ucatolica/index.php/acta-colombiana-psicologia/article/view/283
Abstract: El contraste conductual es un fenómeno característico de los programas múltiples con operantes típicas de la clase presión de palanca o picoteo de la tecla, documentado ampliamente en animales. Recientemente, se han desarrollado procedimientos como los de discriminación condicional que podrían ser aplicables al estudio del contraste con operantes relacionales. Esta investigación tuvo como propósito determinar si el contraste conductual se presenta cuando se trabaja con este tipo de operantes; seis estudiantes de bachillerato, quienes participaron voluntariamente y no recibieron más paga que la dispuesta por las contingencias del programa, se expusieron a un programa múltiple de 100 ensayos por componente, al cabo de los cuales se realizó una prueba con relaciones derivadas y sin refuerzo asociado a cada elección. Analizando la razón de elección por componente del Experimento 1, se encontró contraste positivo en los tres participantes y en la prueba relacional se evidenció transferencia de las preferencias en los participantes 1 y 2; en el Experimento 2 se encontró inducción negativa en los tres participantes y en la prueba de trasferencia se evidenció inducción negativa en menor grado. Se concluye de este experimento, que el cambio en las contingencias se puede colocar bajo control contextual a la manera de un marco relacional.
Bibliography References: Amsel, A. (1962).Frustrative nonreward in partial reinforcement and discrimination learning: Some recent history and a theoretical extension. Psychological Review, 69: 306-328.

Antonitis, J. (1951). Response variability in the white rat during conditioning, extinction, and reconditioning. Journal of Experimental. Psychology. 42: 273–281.

Bloomfield, T. M. (1969). Behavioral contrast and the peak shift. En R. M. Gilbert y N. S. Sutherland (Eds.). Animal discrimination learning (pp. 215-241). New York: Academic Press.

Bolles, R. C. (1991). The hedonics of taste .Hillsdale. NJ: Erlbaum.

Catania, A. C. (1969). Concurrent performances: inhibition of one response by reinforcement of another. Journal of the Experimental analysis of Behavior. 12: 731-744.

Dymond, S. & Barnes, D. (1995). A transformation of self-discrimination response functions in accordance with the arbitrarily applicable relations of sameness, more than, and less than. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 64: 163–184.

Edwards, R. P. (1979). Behavioral contrast in humans with response-independent reinforcement. Journal of General Psychology, 100: 159-160.

Epstein, R. (1985). Extinction-induced resurgence: Preliminary investigations and possible applications. Psychological Record, 35: 143–153.

Epstein, R. (1986). Simulation research in the analysis of behavior. En A. Poling y R. W.

Epstein, R. & Skinner, B. F. (1980). Resurgence of responding after the cessation of response- independent reinforcement. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 77: 6251–6253.

Epstein, R. & Skinner, B. F. (1981). The spontaneous use of memoranda by pigeons. Behaviour Analysis Letters, 1: 241-246.

Ferster, C. B. & Skinner, B. F. (1957). Schedules of reinforcement. Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice-Hall. Inc.

Fuqua (Eds.), Research methods in applied behavior analysis (pp. 127-155). New York: Plenum Press.

Gamzu, E. & Williams, D. R. (1971). Classical conditioning of a complex skeletal act. Science, 171: 923-925.

Hanson, H. M. (1959). Effects of discrimination training on stimulus generalization. Journal of Experimental Psychology. 58: 321-333.

Hantula, D. A. & Crowell, C. R. (1994). Behavioral contrast in a two option analogue task of financial decision making. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 27: 607-617.

Hayes, C. S. (1994). Relational Frame Theory: A functional approach to verbal events. En S. C. Hayes, L. J. Hayes, M. Sato & K. One (Eds.), Behavior analysis of language and cognition (pp. 9-30). Reno, NV: Context Press.

Herrnstein, R. J. (1970). On the law of effect. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior. 13: 243-266.

Herrnstein, R. J. & Hineline, P. N. (1966). Negative reinforcement as shock – frequency reduction. Journal of the experimental analysis of behavior, 9: 421-430.

Hull, C. L. (1943). Principles of Behavior. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.

Keehn, J. D. (1970). Reinforcement of alcoholism: schedule control of solitary drinking. Quarter y Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 31: 28-39.

MacCorquodale, K. & Meehl, P. E. (1948). On a distinction between hypothetical constructs and intervening variables. Psychological Review, 55: 95-107.

McIlvane, W. J., Kledaras, J. B., Munson, L. C., King, K. A., de Rose, J. C. & Stoddard, L. T. (1987). Controlling relations in conditional discrimination and matching by exclusion. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 48: 187-208.

Mowrer, O. H. (1940). An experimental analogue of "regression" with incidental observations on "reaction formation." Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 35: 56-87.

O'Kelly, L. I. (1940). An experimental study of regression. I. Behavioral characteristics of the regressive response. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 30: 41-53.

Pettenger, D. J., Pavlik, W. B., Flora, S. R. & Kontos, J. M. (1988). The persistence of learned behaviors in humans as a function of changes in reinforcement schedule and response. Learning and Motivation, 19: 300-316.

Premack, D. (1965). Reinforcement theory. En D. Levine (Ed.), Nebraska Symposium on Motivation (pp. 123-180). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

Rawson, R. A., Leitenberg, H., Mulick, J. A & Lefebvre, M .F. (1977). Recovery of extinction responding in rats following discontinuation of reinforcement of alternative behavior: A test of two explanations. Animal Learning and Behavior, 5: 415–420.

Reynolds, G. S. (1961). Behavioral contrast. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 4: 57-71.

Sajwah, T., Twardosz, S. & Burke, M. (1972). Side effects of extinction procedures in a remedial school. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 5: 163–175.

Sanders, M. J. (1937). An experimental demonstration of regression in the rat. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 21: 493-510.

Sidman, M. (1971). Reading and auditory-visual equivalences. Journal of speech and Hearing Research, 14: 5-13

Sidman, M., Cresson, O. & Willson-Morris, M. (1974). Acquisition of matching-to-sample via mediated transfer. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 22: 261-273.

Simmons, R. (1924). The relative effectiveness of certain incentives in animal learning. Comparative Psychology Monographs. 11, n 7: 1-79.

Skinner, B. F. (1938/1975). La conducta de los organismos: un análisis experimental. Barcelona: Fontanella.

Skinner, B. F. (1957/1981). Conducta verbal. México: Trillas.

Skinner, B. F. (1984). Selection by consequences. The Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 7: 477-510.

Spencer, H. (1870). Principles of Psychology. 2nd Ed. London: (En Boakes, 1984)

Spradlin, J. E., Cotter, V. W. & Baxley, N. (1973). Establishing a conditional discrimination without direct training: A study of transfer with retarded adolescents. American Journal of Mental Deficiency, 77: 556–566.

Staddon, J. R. & Simmelhag, V. L. (1971). The superstition experiment: a reexamination of its implications for the principles of adaptive behavior. Psychological Review, 78: 3-43.

Steele, D. L. & Hayes, S. C. (1991). Stimulus equivalence and arbitrarily applicable relational responding. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 56: 519– 555.

Stromer, R., Mcilvane, W. J. & Serna, R. W. (1993). Complex stimulus control and equivalence. The Psychological Record. 43: 585-598

Tarbox, J. & Hayes, L. P. (2005). Verbal behavior and behavioral contrast in human subjects. The Psychological Record, 55: 419-437.

Terrace, H. S. (1974). On the nature of non-responding in discrimination learning with and without errors. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 22: 151-159.

Thorndike, E. L. (1911). Animal intelligence: Experimental studies. New York: Macmillan.

Tinklepaugh, O. L. (1928). An experimental study of representative factors in monkeys. Journal of the comparative Psychology, 8: 197-236.

Tolman, E. C. (1932). Purposive behavior in animals and men. New York: Century.

Watson, J. B. (1913). Psychology as the behaviorist views it. Psychological review, 20: 158-177.

Williams, B, A. (2002). Behavioral contrast redux. Animal Learning & Behavior, 30: 1-20.
URI: http://repository.ucatolica.edu.co/handle/001/184
ISSN: 0123-9155
metadata.dc.relation.ispartof: Acta Colombiana de Psicología, Vol. 12, no. 2 (jul.-dic. 2009); p. 115-126
Appears in Collections:Acta Colombiana de Psicología

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
v12n2a11.pdf305.89 kBAdobe PDFThumbnail
View/Open


This item is protected by original copyright



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.