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dc.contributor.authorPérez Gómez, Augusto-
dc.contributor.authorLanziano, Carlos-
dc.contributor.authorReyes Rodríguez, María Fernanda-
dc.contributor.authorMejía Trujillo, Juliana-
dc.contributor.authorCardozo Macías, Francisco-
dc.rightsCopyright Universidad Católica de Colombia 2018spa
dc.rights.accessrightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessspa
dc.description.abstractEl consumo de alcohol en adolescentes tiene una serie de consecuencias negativas desde el punto de vista de salud, comportamiento y riesgo de consumo problemático a edades tempranas. En este estudio, se aplicó un instrumento de 24 preguntas a 9348 estudiantes de ambos sexos en nueve ciudades de Colombia, de los cuales 7625 fueron incluidos en este análisis por haber consumido alcohol. Específicamente, se exploraron temas como la edad de inicio de consumo, el tipo de alcohol y las cantidades ingeridas, así como los sitios y la facilidad de adquisición, la presencia de adultos, el consumo en el colegio y las actitudes frente a las restricciones legales, entre otros. Se hizo un análisis de correspondencias múltiples que determinó inicialmente tres factores que fueron después clasificados en dos grupos y, por último, en cuatro subgrupos en función de cuatro categorías de consumo: experimental, selectivo, regular y alto, que representan dos grandes grupos: bajo y alto consumo. De este análisis surgieron perfiles bastante claros que muestran diferencias importantes, especialmente entre dos grupos: los de bajo consumo, que son los más jóvenes, no toman solos, no han estado en fiestas con alcohol, nunca toman en el colegio ni durante varios días seguidos; y los de alto consumo, que son un poco mayores, cuando toman se emborrachan, tienden a tomar todas las semanas, han tomado en el colegio y antes de entrar por las mañanas, se han metido en problemas por tomar y rechazan las restricciones a los menores de edad o que se sancione a quienes les venden.spa
dc.publisherUniversidad Católica de Colombia. Facultad de Psicologíaspa
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-19T16:27:15Z-
dc.date.available2018-11-19T16:27:15Z-
dc.date.issued2018-07-
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfspa
dc.identifier.citationPerez-Gomez, A., Lanziano, C., Reyes-Rodríguez, M., Mejía-Trujillo, J., & Cardozo-Macías, F. (2018). Perfiles asociados al consumo de alcohol en adolescentes colombianos. Acta Colombiana de Psicología, 21(2), 258-281. Recuperado de https://editorial.ucatolica.edu.co/ojsucatolica/revistas_ucatolica/index.php/acta-colombiana-psicologia/article/view/1461spa
dc.identifier.issn0123-9155-
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10983/22344-
dc.language.isospaspa
dc.relation.ispartofActa Colombiana de Psicología, Vol. 21 no. 2 (jul.-dic. 2018); p. 258-281-
dc.typeArtículo de revistaspa
dc.titlePerfiles asociados al consumo de alcohol en adolescentes colombianosspa
dc.title.alternativeProfiles associated with alcohol consumption in Colombian adolescentsspa
dc.title.alternativePerfis associados ao consumo de álcool em adolescentes colombianosspa
dc.description.abstractenglishAlcohol abuse in adolescents has several negative consequences on health, behavior and risk of becoming involved in problematic consumption at early ages. In this study a 24-item questionnaire was answered by 9,348 school adolescents of both sexes in nine Colombian cities. 7,625 students were included in this analysis due to their consumption of alcohol. The questions inquired about age of first intake, kind and amounts of alcohol consumed on each occasion, places and availability, presence of adults, alcohol use at school and attitudes toward legal restrictions, among others. A multiple correspondence analysis was carried out, generating four factors which were condensed later into two groups, and finally in four sub-groups based on categories of alcohol use: experimental, selective, regular and high, representing two categories: low and high use. The analysis produced identifiable profiles, quite different especially for two categories: the 'low consumption' group, that is younger, never drinks alone, does not attend parties where alcohol is offered to minors, has never drunk at school or during several days. In the 'high consumption' group are those over 16 years of age, who generally get drunk when they drink, have taken alcohol while at school and before arriving to school, have been in trouble because of alcohol and consider as inappropriate the legal restrictions to minors and the sanctions imposed to adults who sell or offer alcohol to minors.spa
dc.description.abstractportuguesO consumo de álcool em adolescentes tem uma série de consequências negativas desde o ponto de vista da saúde, do comportamento e do risco de consumo problemático em idades precoces. Neste estudo, aplicou-se um instrumento de 24 perguntas e 9348 estudantes de ambos os sexos em nove cidades da Colômbia, dos quais 7625 foram incluídos nesta análise por terem consumido álcool. Especificamente, foram explorados temas como a idade inicial de consumo, o tipo de álcool e as quantidades ingeridas, assim como os lugares e a facilidade de aquisição, a presença de adultos, o consumo no colégio e as atitudes frente às restrições legais, entre outros. Foi realizada uma análise de correspondências múltiplas que determinou inicialmente três fatores que depois foram desclassificados em dois grupos e, por último, em quatro subgrupos em função de quatro categorias de consumo: experimental, seletivo, regular e alto, que representam dois grandes grupos: baixo e alto consumo. A partir dessa análise, surgiram perfis bastante claros que mostram diferenças importantes, especialmente entre dois grupos: os de baixo consumo, que são os mais jovens, não bebem sozinhos, não estiveram em festas com bebidas alcoólicas, nunca bebem no colégio nem durante vários dias consecutivos; e os de alto consumo, que são um pouco mais velhos, embriagam-se quando bebem, tendem a beber semanalmente, já beberam no colégio e antes de ir para a aula de manhã, já se meteram em problemas por beber e se opõem às restrições aos menores de idade ou às sanções àqueles que vendem para menores.spa
dc.rights.creativecommonsAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadasspa
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dc.type.dcmi-type-vocabularyTextspa
dc.type.driverinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlespa
dc.type.versioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersionspa
dc.subject.proposalADOLESCENTESspa
dc.subject.proposalALCOHOLspa
dc.subject.proposalPREVALENCIASspa
dc.subject.proposalPERFILESspa
dc.subject.proposalCORRESPONDENCIAS MÚLTIPLESspa
dc.subject.proposalADOLESCENTSspa
dc.subject.proposalALCOHOLspa
dc.subject.proposalPREVALENCESspa
dc.subject.proposalPROFILESspa
dc.subject.proposalMULTIPLE CORRESPONDENCESspa
dc.subject.proposalADOLESCENTESspa
dc.subject.proposalÁLCOOLspa
dc.subject.proposalCORRESPONDÊNCIAS MÚLTIPLASspa
dc.subject.proposalPERFISspa
dc.subject.proposalPREVALÊNCIASspa
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